Experiencing Life
Pupfishes live in the small spring-fed pools of the refuge. The entire range of one species, the Devil's Hole Pupfish (Cyprinodon diabolis) (right), is confined to one pool, similar in size to King's Pool, pictured at left.
USFWS Photos by Ryan Hagerty (left) and Olin Feuerbacher (right).

Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge is home to the Devil's Hole Pupfish, a fish with the smallest known range of any vertebrate species. The tiny oasis of water, no bigger than a farm pond, is the only place this fish can be found. Technically, Devil's Hole is a satellite part of Death Valley National Park, to maximize its protection, but it is surrounded by the Ash Meadows refuge.

Pete Rissler's video of the pupfish swimming in their native habitat.


Trip Menu
  1. Greater Yellowstone
  2. Southeast
  3. Northeast
  4. Four Corners
  5. Northwest
  6. Heartland
  7. California
    1. La Brea Tar Pits
    2. Wine Country
    3. Monterey Bay
    4. Yosemite National Park
    5. Mono Lake
    6. Death Valley National Park
    7. Ash Meadows NWR
    8. Nopah Range
    9. Joshua Tree National Park
    10. San Diego Zoo & Safari Park
    11. Mission Trails Regional Park
  8. Great Lakes
  9. Southwest
  10. Mid-Atlantic
  11. Alaska
  12. Hawaii
California/Nevada border [36oN, 116oW]

Ash Meadows Map


For more information, please e-mail us at