Picture HAWAII - NOAA

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The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrtion (NOAA), a division of the U.S. Department of Commerce, controls National Marine Sanctuaries and Estuarine Research Reserves. The two marine sanctuaries around Hawaii are the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument and the Hawaii Humpback Whale Marine Santuary. Papahanaumokuakea is the single largest fully protected conservation area in the U.S. There are no Estuarine Research Reserves in Hawaii.

According to their web site, their mission is "Science, Service and Stewardship," with the following elaboration:

  1. To understand and predict changes in climate, weather, oceans and coasts
  2. To share that knowledge and information with others
  3. To conserve and manage coastal and marine ecosystems and resources
The third item has been instrumental in creating the sanctuaries and reserves.


Marine sanctuaries are places where you can both experience the beauty of coral reefs and, sadly, where you can experience the devastating effects that have occurred to them. In Trip 2, in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and areas nearby, we focus on how a healthy coral reef ecosystem and the organisms that make it up function. Trip 12 is a time to see Pacific reefs. These are made up of different species than Atlantic reefs but the concept is similar. There are both healthy and unhealthy or dead reefs around Hawaii.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Image: Humpback whales, for which one of Hawaii's marine sanctuaries was named.
Public domain photo by Dr. Louis M. Herman


Trip 12 - Hawaii
  1. National Park Service
  2. National Wildlife Refuges
  3. National Marine Sanctuaries
  4. U.S. Forest Service & BLM
  5. Hawaii Division of Forestry and Wildlife
  6. Hawaii State Parks
  7. Honolulu Department of Parks and Recreation
  8. The Nature Conservancy
  9. Zoos and Aquariums
  10. Botanical Gardens
  11. Other Sites
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